Creating a Mutable Array data type in sqlalchemy

August 2014 · 1 minute read

The problem with using the ARRAY datatype in sqlalchemy is that it’s immutable. This means it isn’t possible to add new data into array once it has been initialised. Unfortunately, I couldn’t find any good solution to create mutable arrays until I came across this snippet by Michael Bayer, the author of sqlalchemy himself:

from sqlalchemy.ext.mutable import Mutable
from sqlalchemy.dialects.postgresql import ARRAY

class MutableList(Mutable, list):
    def append(self, value):
        list.append(self, value)

    def coerce(cls, key, value):
        if not isinstance(value, MutableList):
            if isinstance(value, list):
                return MutableList(value)
            return Mutable.coerce(key, value)
            return value

What this snippet allows you to do is to extend a list to add mutability to it. So, now you can use the class above to create a mutable array type like so:

from sqlalchemy.dialects.postgresql import ARRAY

class Something(Base):
    __tablename__ = 'yaddayadda'

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    data = Column(MutableList.as_mutable(ARRAY(String(100))))
comments powered by Disqus